Elephant Foot Yam – For those of you who want to start Elephant Foot Yam cultivation, be prepared to get yields of up to 176 million per harvest. Of course, this is not surprising, because the Elephant Foot Yam commodity is currently in high demand.
Elephant Foot Yam cultivation is being discussed a lot because it has promising economic value. Because the Elephant Foot Yam plant tuber contains glucomannan which has many benefits in industry and health.
Get to know the Elephant Foot Yam plant
Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus oncophyllus muelleri Blume) is an herbal plant that can grow to a height of about 1.5 meters. This plant is a tuber-producing plant that lives in tropical forests.
Physically, the Elephant Foot Yam plant grows with a single stalk or stem patterned with striped green-and-white. Elephant Foot Yam plants can only grow under support trees such as teak trees. In addition, Elephant Foot Yam is also used for the manufacture of glue and jelly, which in recent years have been exported to Japan.
Elephant Foot Yam business
Elephant Foot Yam plants that live in free land or forests are currently the prima donna of their export value. Quoted from the Ministry of Agriculture, the potential for Elephant Foot Yam development is clearly large because Indonesia has large marginal lands, Elephant Foot Yam cultivation in 2021 is specifically for export.
This is of course a business opportunity, especially for beginners who want to develop in agribusiness. One of the advantages possessed by Elephant Foot Yam is shade tolerance between 40% to 60%.
- Plants that grow wild but have a lot of potentials to be developed.
- Now to develop the quality of cultivation, you need the correct cultivation technique.
- How to Cultivate Elephant Foot Yam Plants to Harvest Fast
- Here are the important points for planting Elephant Foot Yam correctly:
- Knowing the conditions for growing Elephant Foot Yam
- Elephant Foot Yam nursery technical
- Elephant Foot Yam cultivation land preparation
- How to plant the correct Elephant Foot Yam
- Elephant Foot Yam plant fertilization
- How to care for Elephant Foot Yam plants
- Knowing the attack of pests and diseases in Elephant Foot Yam plants
In full, you can see the following stages of Elephant Foot Yam cultivation:
Requirements for Growing Elephant Foot Yam Cultivation
In order for the cultivation of Elephant Foot Yam plants to get maximum results, you should first need to pay attention to the conditions for growing Elephant Foot Yam plants as follows:
Soil Type and PH
Elephant Foot Yam plants can grow on any type of soil. However, to get good results, prepare soil that is loose and fertile, and not flooded. In addition, make sure the soil acidity is at a pH of 6-7
Elephant Foot Yam plants need shade for good growth. Minimum shade density of 40%. Shades suitable for Elephant Foot Yam plants are teak, Mahony, and Sono trees.
Climate Or Temperature
Elephant Foot Yam plants have special characteristics, namely, they have a very high tolerance for shade or shade. These plants can grow at an altitude of 0 – 700 masl. But the best altitude for Elephant Foot Yam cultivation is at an altitude of 100 – 600 masl.
Nursing Method of Elephant Foot Yam
Elephant Foot Yam plant breeding can be done vegetatively or generatively. In general, the Elephant Foot Yam breeding technique can be done in the following ways:
Breeding of nodules or frogs
Frogs are blackish-brown nodules that appear on the base or petiole of the Elephant Foot Yam plant. In 1 kg of frogs contains about 100 frogs. Frogs are collected during harvest, then stored until entering the rainy season to be planted directly on the prepared land.
Nurseries from Seed or Fruit
Every four years, the Elephant Foot Yam plant will produce flowers that will become fruit or seeds. One ear of fruit can produce up to 250 seeds which can be used as Elephant Foot Yam seeds by seeding them first.
Nursery of Bulbs
For small tubers, it is obtained from the results of reducing the plants that are too dense so that they need to be reduced. The results of this reduction are collected which are then used as seeds. For large tubers, the tubers are broken into the desired size, then planted on the prepared land.