Fish Producing in Indonesia, which is known as a maritime country, certainly does not need to doubt the existence of its natural resources. There are various types of marine biota that live and live in all Indonesian waters and some of them have high economic selling value. Marine natural resources are most often taken and processed, especially if they are not fish.
Largest Fish Producer in Indonesia
Various types of fish ranging in size from the smallest to the largest are available in the Indonesian oceans. It is not surprising that the potential of marine natural resources, especially fish owned by Indonesia, has invited many neighboring countries to extract them illegally.
To that end, the Indonesian Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Susi Pudjiastuti, has taken a firm stance by sinking foreign fishing boats that have been proven to have stolen fish around Indonesian waters. Because marine resources in the form of fish are very large, making Indonesia the top 10 quality fish-producing countries in the world.
Tegal Regency, Central Java
This district, which is located in the northern part of Central Java or adjacent to the Java Sea, is famous for its fish potential. Every year, the fish caught by fishermen can reach around 1,400 tons. Although quite high, this figure is still not comparable to the low level of public consumption.
The people’s consumption power to eat fish in Tegal Regency alone is only around 20.4 kg per capita every year. So that the government and related agencies continue to make efforts by carrying out a campaign to eat fish, especially for school children and PKK mothers.
Cilacap Regency, Central Java
In the southern part of Java Island, the largest fish-producing area is in Cilacap Regency. The fish that the fishermen catch can reach up to 90 tons per day. Most of the fish caught are skipjack and squid. Fish that are produced not only come from the sea, but there are also some that come from land or freshwater, namely ponds.
However, Cilacap has experienced a decrease in the amount of fish production, namely during the west wind season which causes quite high waves in the southern sea waters. So that many fishermen are reluctant to go to sea and the number of fish caught has decreased. However, this did not last long, and when the west wind season passed, the fishermen could return to sea as before.
Muncar, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java
The conditions in Muncar waters, which are located at the eastern tip of Java Island, are quite strategic because of the meeting place between the Java Sea currents in the north and the Indian Ocean from the south. The confluence of these two ocean currents provides an advantage for local fishermen because this area is not affected by high sea waves.
The fishermen will stop fishing when the moon is full for 7 to 10 days. Here there is the largest fish auction place in Indonesia, no wonder the fish caught can reach more than 20 thousand tons each year with the largest number of Lemuru fish.
In 2018, the Fish Quarantine Center for Quality Control and Safety of Class 1 Fishery Products in Pekanbaru noted that there was an increase in exports of marine commodities up to IDR 375 billion.
Most of the fish exported to Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, China, and Vietnam. There are two types of commodities that are exported, namely Arowana fish and consumption fish. The local government hopes that there will be an increase every year, especially for blood clams exported to Thailand.
East Nusa Tenggara
East Nusa Tenggara is not only famous for its natural beauty, but NTT is also the largest producer of fresh fish in Indonesia. Every year around 13.7 percent of the fish are caught in NTT waters and most of the fish are exported abroad and meet the domestic market.
The types of fish that are most often caught are mackerel, white snapper, shrimp, and oysters. Even so, there are still many fishermen who cultivate seaweed because the water conditions in NTT are very supportive for seaweed cultivation.
The source of fish in Central Sulawesi comes from Tomini Bay, Tolo Bay, and Makassar Strait. The fish produced annually can reach 8.5 percent of the total demand for fish throughout Indonesia. The types of fish caught include large, but quite diverse, types of fish such as tuna, skipjack, and tuna.
There are also types of small fish such as flying fish, anchovies, mackerel, Selar, and Tembang fish. Not only fish, but there are also other marine biotas that are no less in number, namely oysters, shellfish, squid, shrimp, and Ranjungan.
South Sulawesi ranks first as the largest fish-producing area in Indonesia. South Sulawesi has succeeded in producing 21.6 percent of fish per year to meet export needs.
The fish caught are of class A or export standards, no wonder that many types of skipjack to tuna are sent abroad, such as Japan and Thailand. Not only foreign markets, but fish from South Sulawesi are also quite famous from within the country, especially skipjack fish, and are a mainstay of this area.