Referring to data submitted by the Geological Agency of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, in 2019 the world’s total nickel production reached 2,668,000 tonnes of Ni. Of that amount, as many as 800,000 tonnes of Ni came from Indonesia.
Indonesian nickel ore production
Head of the Geological Agency, Eko Budi Lelono, said that Indonesia’s nickel ore production of 800,000 tons last year was the largest in the world. Followed by the Philippines with 420,000 tonnes of Ni and Russia with 270,000 tonnes of Ni. New Caledonia with 220,000 tonnes of Ni and other countries with a total of 958,000 tonnes of Ni.
“Indonesia is globally the largest nickel producer in 2019, out of around 2.6 million tons of nickel production, Indonesia has produced around 800 thousand tons of nickel,” said Eko in a webinar that was held.
Indonesia’s nickel resources
Based on data from the Geological Agency, Indonesia’s nickel resources and reserves are still quite high. Eko explained, until July 2020, the total balance of Indonesia’s nickel ore resources reached 11.88 billion tons. Meanwhile, the total resource of nickel metal is 174 million tons.
Meanwhile, the balance of nickel ore reserves as of July 2020 was recorded at 4.34 billion tons. Meanwhile, the total nickel-metal reserves are 68 million tons. Data collection was carried out from 328 locations in Indonesia.
Future nickel exploration
According to Eko, Central Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, and North Maluku are the three provinces with the largest nickel reserves and resources. “Sulawesi still occupies the highest position, after North Maluku.
So with various resource classifications, Central Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, and North Maluku play the most important roles for future nickel exploration, “said Eko.
Eko further said, last year Indonesia’s nickel matte production was 72,000 tons. Ferrel and Nickel Pig Iron (NPI) production of 1.1 million tons was 781,000 tons.
Inefficient use of nickel ore
The Geological Agency ensures that exploration and preparation and offering of Mining Business License Areas (WIUPK) are needed to maintain the supply of nickel ore reserves in the next few years.
In addition, to prevent inefficient use of nickel ore, a synergy is needed between the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources through the Directorate General of Minerba and the Geological Agency, together with the Ministry of Industry.