P-8 Poseidon Aircraft – The search for the KRI Nanggala-402 submarine is still ongoing, although there is no clear light regarding its existence. KRI Nanggala reportedly lost contact in waters about 60 miles or about 95 kilometers from the north of Bali Island, at around 03.00 local time.
A number of countries have sent assistance to the search process, including the US Navy’s Poseidon aircraft. “At 16.00 WITA, the Poseidon plane will take off from Bali and carry out search activities,” said Head of the Indonesian Navy’s Information Service, First Admiral of the TNI, Julius Widjojono, quoted from Antara. What are the specifications and sophistication of this Poseidon P8 aircraft so that it goes down directly in the search for KRI Nanggala-402?
Maritime Patrol and Mission Aircraft
Launching Boeing, the Poseidon is a multi-mission maritime patrol aircraft that excels in anti-submarine warfare, intelligence missions, reconnaissance, and search and rescue. The Poseidon aircraft can fly at an altitude of more than 41,000 feet at speeds of up to 490 knots.
Shorter transit times are a plus for submarine search and rescue. The Poseidon is also designed for low-altitude missions and is proven to support humanitarian and search and rescue missions.
The Poseidon has two variants, namely the P-8I flown by the Indian Navy, and the P-8A Poseidon which is flown by the US Navy, Australian Air Force, and the British Royal Air Force.
Equipped With 7 Sensors
In 2008, Boeing selected L-3 Communications Webcam in supplying the MX-20HD electro-optical and infrared (EO / IR) digital multispectral sensor tower for the Poseidon. The MX-20HD can have up to seven sensors, including infrared, CCDTV, image amplifier, laser rangefinder, and laser illuminator.
Quoted from Naval Technology, the cabin of the aircraft is also equipped with up to seven operator consoles. The aircraft has two CFM International CFM56-7B27A high-bypass turbofan engines, rated at 120kN each.
Maritime Reconnaissance Radar
The Poseidon is equipped with the APS-137D (V) 5 maritime surveillance radar and signal intelligence SIGINT system developed by Raytheon. The system was named AN / APY-10 in 2006 and is fitted to an enlarged nose fairing. The AN / APY-10 radar has synthetic aperture radar (SAR) mode capability for imaging, detection, classification, and identification of stationary vessels and small vessels for coastal and land surveillance.
In addition, the radar also has high-resolution imaging (ISAR) for the imaging, detection, classification, and tracking of surface-appearing submarines and small, fast-moving vessels in coastal waters. The US Navy is arming the P-8A with the development of the MK 54 torpedo that can be fired from high altitudes.
The Sophistication of Reconnaissance and Combat Aircraft
This reconnaissance aircraft in the ocean is equipped with two turbo engines and a CFM56 capable of traveling at a speed of 490 knots with a cruising range of up to 1,200 nautical miles. For combat missions, the P-8 Poseidon is equipped with supporting weapons for naval warfare, such as torpedoes, cruise missiles, bombs, and propulsion mines.