Launching the United Nations website, this celebration began on December 22, 1992. At that time, the United Nations (UN) Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil was held.
March 22 as World Water Day
- 1 March 22 as World Water Day
- 2 Commemoration of World Water Day
- 3 Water Day 2021 Theme: Valuing Water
- 4 Appreciating Water in Five Perspectives
In the same year, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided that March 22 each year would be celebrated as World Water Day. However, at the meeting, it was decided that World Water Day would begin to be commemorated on March 22, 1993.
It was only some time after that, that various celebrations and events were added to this commemoration. For example, the International Year of Cooperation in the Water Sphere or called the Year of International Cooperation in the Water Sector which was held in 2013. In addition, the celebration of the Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development or the International Decade of Action on Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028 this.
Commemoration of World Water Day
Commemoration of World Water Day to reaffirm that water and sanitation measures are key to poverty alleviation, economic growth, and environmental sustainability.
Its goal is to celebrate water and raise awareness for the more than 2.2 billion people who live without access to clean water.
This is about as an action to overcome the global water crisis. The main focus of World Water Day is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, namely water and sanitation for all by 2030.
Every year, the theme for World Water Day changes. For this reason, a competent UN agency was appointed as coordinator in accordance with the theme for that year. In 2021, the theme is Valuing Water or appreciate water.
Water Day 2021 Theme: Valuing Water
Economic development and global population growth mean agriculture and industry are increasingly ‘thirsty’ and water-intensive energy generation is increasing to meet that demand. Meanwhile, climate change leaves water in erratic conditions which in turn contributes to pollution.
As a society that has to balance the need and availability of water, in fact, there are still many people who do not consider the portion of water use. How we value water means how water is managed and shared.
The value of water is more than its price. Water has immense and complex value for our households, culture, health, education, economy, and the integrity of our natural environment. If we ignore any of these values, the risk is mismanagement of resources, even though the amount of water is limited and irreplaceable.
Appreciating Water in Five Perspectives
1. Natural water resources and ecosystems
All water is produced by ecosystems. And all the water that we abstract for human use eventually returns to the environment, along with any contaminants we’ve added. The water cycle is our most important ‘ecosystem service’. A higher ‘value’ must be assigned to protecting the environment to ensure a good quality water supply and build resistance to shocks such as floods and drought.
2. Storage, maintenance, and supply
Water infrastructure stores and moves water where it is most needed and helps to clean and return it to nature after it is used by humans. If this infrastructure is inadequate, socio-economic development is damaged and the ecosystem is threatened with extinction. General assessments of water infrastructure tend to underestimate or excluding costs, particularly social and environmental costs. It is difficult to recover all costs from the tariff (known as full cost recovery). In many countries, only part or all of the operating costs are recovered, and the capital investment is covered by public funds.
3. Drinking water, sanitation, and health services
The role of water in households, schools, workplaces, and health care facilities is very important. In addition, WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) services also provide added value in the form of better health, especially in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. WASH services are often subsidized, even in high-income countries. However, poorly targeted subsidies can benefit people with existing water connections, rather than improving the situation of the poor and underserved.
4. As input for food production and activities
The socio-economy of food and agriculture, energy and industry, business and employment Agriculture places the greatest demand on global freshwater resources and is a major contributor to environmental degradation.
Although very important for food security, water in food production is generally given a low value when it is valued as pure through the lens of the economic value it produces in relation to the water used. Many benefits